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21 Sep
Wall Street looks to rebound from its worst day since May. – The New York Times

Wall Street struggled to recover on Tuesday from its worst decline in months, posting a small gain in a day of turbulent trading. The S&P 500 rose slightly in midafternoon trading, after swinging between gains and losses earlier in the day. On Monday, the index dropped 1.7 percent, its sharpest fall since May, as fears of a potential default at the property giant China Evergrande Group sent shock waves through global markets. The Stoxx Europe 600 rose 1 percent on Tuesday, rebounding from a 1.7 percent slump the previous day. In Asia, the Hang Seng Index in Hong Kong rose 0.5 percent after dropping 3.3 percent on Monday. The trigger for Monday’s decline was rising concern about Evergrande, one of China’s biggest developers that is saddled with debts that it unlikely to be able to pay without government support. Evergrande has an interest payment of more than $80 million due this week, and so far, there is little indication Beijing will come to its rescue. For global investors, the worry is that a collapse of a company of Evergrande’s size could ripple through the Chinese economy and beyond. Analysts at Mizuho, a Japanese bank, said Evergrande was a casualty of the Chinese government’s policy goals of reducing inequality, “where a property market rally is therefore undesirable.” And so, China is imposing tight credit conditions to rein in risky borrowing habits of property developers. These measures could slow China’s economy and reduce consumer demand for foreign goods, a risk that had not been fully considered by investors in American and European stock markets, the analysts said. But Wall Street has been jittery for weeks. The S&P 500 touched a record high on Sept. 2 and has faced a steady decline since then, falling by a small amount nearly every day, but adding up to a 3 percent drop for the index so far in September. Chief among investors concerns is what the Federal Reserve might say on Wednesday about its plans to scale back its enormous bond-buying program. The purchases have helped prop up the economy and the stock market during the pandemic, and some analysts expect that investors will be in more of a buying mood once they get past the central bank’s meeting. The Fed is also expected to update its quarterly projections for growth, unemployment and inflation through 2024. “Markets are already expecting a faster pace of rate hikes than what the Fed itself has been saying,” said Lauren Goodwin, economist and portfolio strategist at New York Life Investments. “If we get a hawkish tilt from those 2024 projections, hypothetically the market has already caught up to that.” Also weighing on sentiment is the U.S. debt limit. Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen warned earlier this month that the United States could default on its debt sometime in October if Congress did not raise or suspend the debt limit. She said that the exact timing remained unclear but that time to avert an economic catastrophe was running out. The House is expected to take up legislation on Tuesday that would lift the limit on federal borrowing through the end of 2022, a measure largely opposed by Republicans. “The federal debt limit is another issue Congress needs to address relatively soon,” Joseph Kalish, chief global macro strategist at Ned Davis Research, wrote in a note. “If they can’t agree, another partial shutdown is possible, disturbing risk assets.” Key economic gauges have also weighed on investor concerns over the month. The Consumer Price Index rose 5.3 percent in August from a year earlier, the Labor Department reported last week. U.S. consumer sentiment rose 1 percent in September, but the small gain still placed the index at its lowest level in more than a decade, according to preliminary data from the University of Michigan’s gauge of consumer sentiment. Retail sales have also been swinging month over month, with consumer spending rising slightly in August, the Commerce Department reported last week, after a sharp decline in July. — Eshe Nelson and Coral Murphy Marcos Read more Shares of China Evergrande, the troubled real estate giant whose fate has contributed to jitters in global markets, fell again on Tuesday amid a new prediction that it would soon default. The company’s chairman, Xu Jiayin, told employees in a letter quoted in Chinese media that Evergrande would surmount its problems, which include $300 billion in debt, plunging sales of apartments and a payment due Thursday. “I firmly believe that Evergrande will walk out of its darkest moment and resume full-speed work and production,” he said in the letter, which was confirmed by a company spokesman. But a dire forecast about the company’s fate arrived on Tuesday for investors in Asia, this one from S&P Global Ratings. “We believe Beijing would only be compelled to step in if there is a far-reaching contagion causing multiple major developers to fail and posing systemic risks to the economy,” said the report, which was dated Monday. Both the company’s shares and its bonds fell on Tuesday, though by more modest amounts than in recent days and weeks. Its shares closed 0.4 percent lower, and shares of other Chinese-focused developers that tumbled on Monday recovered some of their losses. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index, which fell 3.3 percent on Monday, ended the day with a 0.5 percent gain. The impact of an Evergrande collapse would depend in large part on the attitudes of China’s top leaders. Many of Evergrande problems stem from new restrictions on home sales as Beijing tries to tame real estate prices and address rising concerns about the price of homes. The government has also sought to teach a lesson to developers who borrowed heavily in recent years to build more properties and finance their investments in other businesses. (In the case of Evergrande, those include interests that include electric cars and a soccer team.) But a hard landing for Evergrande, should it default, carries risks. Unhappy home buyers and suppliers could cause unrest, while the financial impact on investors and others who might be exposed to Evergrande could be costly. Beijing, however, has a number of ways to try to stop a financial disaster. The government controls the banks and the financial ties between them. It also firmly controls the flow of money across the country’s borders, allowing it to stem a potential rush of funds outside the country. “The officials still have some tools at their disposal to calm down the panic,” said Zhiwu Chen, a professor of finance at the University of Hong Kong, who predicted the authorities would break up the company and sell its parts piecemeal. The authorities also can control media coverage, while the police have considerable powers to detain anybody who raises a public fuss. — Cao Li Read more ADVERTISEMENT Continue reading the main story Erin Griffith (@eringriffith) and Erin Woo (@erinkwoo), two of our tech reporters, are covering the trial of Elizabeth Holmes, who dropped out of Stanford University to create the blood testing start-up Theranos at age 19 and built it to a $9 billion valuation and herself into the world’s youngest self-made female billionaire — only to flame out in disgrace after Theranos’s technology was revealed to have problems. Follow along here or on Twitter as she is tried on 12 counts of wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud. The trial is generally held Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays. 2 hours ago Erin Griffith Wade goes on a run of questions (peppered with “yes” responses by Gangakhedkar) arguing that the point of R&D is encountering issues and setbacks and fixing them. “In R&D sometimes you have to fail before you can succeed right?” “Yes.” 2 hours ago Erin Griffith We see an email where Holmes asked Gangakhedkar for some testing data ahead of a meeting with the DoD. Gangakhedkar emails that Vitamin D data isn’t ready and Holmes writes asking for data on other tests. The point is, apparently, look at this example of Holmes not doing fraud. 2 hours ago Erin Griffith The Defense strategy re: Theranos lab problems seems to be: look, real work was being done; there were processes in place that sure seemed rigorous; the very people pointing out problems also signed off on it all 2 hours ago Erin Griffith So far it’s basically a call and response, where Wade describes work of Gangakhedkar + Theranos’s lab, and Gangakhedkar replies “yes.” “Were you proud of that work?” “Yes.” “And others at the company were happy about that work as well?” “I think so.” 3 hours ago Erin Griffith Back in the San Jose courtroom today for more US v Holmes. Surekha Gangakhedkar, a scientist at Theranos, is back on the stand being cross-examined by Holmes’s lawyer Lance Wade. Read more 3 days ago Erin Woo With that, Judge Davila is ending Gangakhedkar’s testimony for the day and instructing jurors not to consume media content about the trial, as always. The trial will resume on Tuesday — Erin Griffith will be at the courthouse to bring you live updates. 3 days ago Erin Woo We are now onto cross-examination. Holmes’s lawyer is questioning her about G.S.K.’s study of Theranos’s assays, pointing out that the study promoted her work. “The Theranos system eliminates the need for a lab and provided quality data,” the G.S.K. memo said. 3 days ago Erin Woo Despite having signed an N.D.A., Gangakhedkar printed out some documents and took them home when she left Theranos. “I was worried that I would be blamed,” she testified. 3 days ago Erin Woo Three days after the email from Balwani, Gangakhedkar sent Holmes her resignation email. She testified that she was “very stressed and unhappy and concerned” with the planning of the Walgreens launch. 3 days ago Erin Woo In an email from Balwani to Gangakhedkar, with Holmes copied, Balwani said the software team had been working until 3:07 a.m., but that the Edison blood-testing devices Gangakhedkar’s team worked on were “all sitting idle.” This was an example of the pressure they were under, Gangakhedkar said. 4 days ago Erin Woo And, with that, Cheung has been dismissed. The government is calling Surekha Gangakhedkar now, a former Theranos team manager. 4 days ago Erin Woo The government is now asking questions about a document that says, among other things, that Theranos’s devices “can be operated with minimal training” and that its results have “precision and accuracy equivalent to traditional clinical laboratory analyzers.” Neither is true, Cheung says. 4 days ago Erin Woo Cheung said they were constantly having to recalibrate the machines, which made results take 2-3 days rather than the couple hours promised. “We had people sleeping in the car because it was taking too long,” she said. 4 days ago Erin Woo Cheung just said she “became concerned about a month in” with the vitamin D samples, in November of 2013. She was concerned about the performance of the tests and that they were being used on patient samples. 4 days ago Erin Woo Defense is done with cross-examination, after showing Cheung Theranos policy documents she said she’d never seen. The government is now asking questions again for redirect. 4 days ago Erin Woo Holmes’s lawyer is asking Cheung a lot of questions about quality control checks that occurred on the Theranos devices. “There is a recognition that some errors would happen and this was the policy on how to deal with those errors,” he said. 4 days ago Erin Woo Erika Cheung is now taking the stand as cross-examination continues. 4 days ago Erin Woo The update you’ve all been waiting for: The judge is STILL pronouncing it ther-AH-nos. 4 days ago Erin Woo In the courthouse now for another day of the Elizabeth Holmes trial. We’re expecting to wrap up testimony today from Erika Cheung, one of the key whistleblowers in the case. 5 days ago Erin Griffith That’s it for today.🩸💉⚖️ 5 days ago Erin Griffith So far the theme of the cross-exam of Cheung seems to be using excruciatingly arcane details about the processes and procedures of the Theranos lab to show that its work was very complicated, involving lots of smart, pedigreed people. 6 days ago Erin Griffith Cheung testified that in meetings about quality control failures, Theranos’s lab directors ignored the most obvious possible reason for the failures: “The Edison devices didn’t work.” 6 days ago Erin Griffith Trial gear alert: A reporter brought their own binoculars to see the exhibits on the TV screens. 6 days ago Erin Griffith Erika Cheung is back on the stand. She described Theranos’s practice of demoing blood tests for V.I.P.s, where some of the results came from Theranos machines and others from Siemens analyzers. 6 days ago Erin Griffith At this point we have heard lawyers and witnesses pronounce “Theranos” hundreds of times, making me start to wonder whether judge is trying to mess with us by sticking to his “ther-AHHHHH-nos” pronunciation. 6 days ago Erin Griffith I should note the woman who clapped and yelled “you’re a good mom!” at Holmes yesterday suddenly stormed out of the courtroom after Judge Davila warned everyone that yelling stuff like that in front of any jurors could cause a mistrial. I don’t see her here today! 6 days ago Erin Griffith Elizabeth Holmes’s entourage is down to just her mom today. Fortune on Tuesday named Alyson Shontell as its new editor in chief, the first woman to hold the role in its 92-year history. Ms. Shontell, 35, joins from the digital media company Insider, where she was a co-editor in chief of the business section. She will start on Oct. 6. Alan Murray, the chief executive of Fortune, said in an email newsletter that Ms. Shontell would be in charge of content across Fortune’s magazine and website, as well as its conferences, newsletters, videos and podcasts and the Fortune Connect platform, an online community for executives. “Alyson is the perfect person to position Fortune for its second century,” he wrote, citing Ms. Shontell’s love of journalism and her digital chops. “As employee number six at Business Insider, she helped shape and build the most successful pure play digital business journalism franchise of our time.” She replaces Clifton Leaf, who stepped down from the editor in chief job in June. Brian O’Keefe has been the acting editor. Fortune joins a raft of media outlets that now have women as their top editors, a rank historically dominated by men. The Washington Post named Sally Buzbee as its executive editor in May. She was replaced in her previous role, executive editor of The Associated Press, by Julie Pace. Last week, Axios named Sara Kehaulani Goo as its editor in chief and Aja Whitaker-Moore as its executive editor. — Katie Robertson ADVERTISEMENT Continue reading the main story AutoNation, the automotive retail giant, has named Mike Manley, the former chief executive of Fiat Chrysler, as its chief executive, replacing Mike Jackson, who is retiring after running the company for most of the last 22 years. Mr. Manley, 57, will start Nov. 1 at AutoNation, which operates more than 300 dealerships across the country. He will be charged with continuing the company’s growth as auto retailing is rapidly shifting from the showroom to online sales, and electric vehicles are changing how consumers interact with their cars and dealers. “We have built an admired and respected company from coast to coast,” Mr. Jackson, 72, said in a statement. “I have every confidence Mike Manley will lead AutoNation to an even brighter future.” Mr. Manley grew up in England and worked in a dealership before studying engineering. In 2000, he joined Chrysler — then part of DaimlerChrysler — and rose to head the Jeep brand through a period of rapid growth, playing other key roles as the automaker became Fiat Chrysler. He was named chief executive of Fiat Chrysler in 2018, and held that post until the company merged with the French automaker Peugeot to become Stellantis. Mr. Manley headed the merged company’s North American operations but was considered unlikely to become its chief executive. He did not take part in a recent daylong strategy presentation that featured talks by more than a dozen top Stellantis executives. Mr. Jackson turned AutoNation into a consistent profit-maker and a powerful influence in the auto industry. He stepped down as chief executive in 2019, but returned to the job less than a year later when two successors left the company after short stints. During his tenure, AutoNation became the largest retailer of many vehicle makers, including Ford Motor and Mercedes-Benz, giving the company considerable sway over the policies and strategies of several large manufacturers. — Neal E. Boudette Read more Vivendi spun off Universal Music on the Amsterdam stock exchange on Tuesday, and investors liked the sound of it: Shares jumped around 40 percent at the open, valuing the record label at more than $50 billion, and held mostly steady through the close of trading. Universal is by far the world’s largest music company, holding a 31 percent market share and boasting a roster of major stars, including Taylor Swift, Drake and Billie Eilish. The successful debut of a player in a once unloved industry, defying a jittery market, could change the tune for others in the wider entertainment world, the DealBook newsletter reports. The music industry had been all but written off not that long ago, with digital downloads (and piracy) eroding lucrative physical sales. But Universal, led by the power broker Lucian Grainge, leaned into the trends and made big bets on streaming, social media and other areas: A 2013 deal with Apple helped the tech giant start its music service two years later. Its 2017 deal with Spotify put the streaming pioneer on the path to going public. Universal was the first major music company to sign with Facebook, also in 2017. The label has recently shored up its publishing library, buying Bob Dylan’s back catalog for about $300 million last year. The bets appear to have paid off: Universal Music has averaged double-digit growth in sales and profits over the past two years, and expects this to continue in 2021. The company now generates nearly 70 percent of its revenue from streaming and publishing. There was some drama in the spinoff process, mostly coming from the hedge fund manager William A. Ackman. The billionaire’s hedge fund, Pershing Square, has a 10 percent stake in Universal Music, though not in the way he originally hoped. His plan to invest in Universal via his special-purpose acquisition company fell through when the Securities and Exchange Commission took issue with its structure — his logic, however, was validated by the big pop in the company’s value. (That’s good for Pershing Square’s hedge fund investors, but not for its SPAC shareholders.) Other major investors in Universal Music include the Chinese gaming firm Tencent (20 percent) and the French billionaire Vincent Bolloré (18 percent). China is a part of Universal’s growth plan and is one of the reasons that the label brought in Tencent as an investor. The risks of doing business in the country have become more stark lately, and the authorities there have made clear that Tencent is under scrutiny in a broader tech crackdown. In 2019, Universal Music was contacted by Chinese officials investigating market competition in the music industry. — Lauren Hirsch Read more ADVERTISEMENT Continue reading the main story Fearing that growth in California’s solar power sector could grind to a halt, the association representing the industry has sued the state over a new requirement that installers be “certified electricians.” In the lawsuit, which was filed on Friday, the California Solar and Storage Association asked the Superior Court of California in San Francisco to overturn the rule changes and allow the current training standards to remain in place for those who install increasingly popular solar panels and battery systems. “This is devastating to California’s solar industry and the state’s ability to build a clean energy future,” Bernadette Del Chiaro, executive director of the association, said in an interview. “What they’re saying is this stuff is so dangerous that only certified electricians can do it. We don’t have any evidence, a shred of evidence, that there’s a problem.” Ms. Del Chiaro said the new rules would affect hundreds of solar companies in the state and 35,000 workers. And with electricians already in high demand for construction projects and other services, finding enough people who meet the requirement, she said, will make it nearly impossible for solar and battery companies to deliver their products. In two rule changes in July, the Contractors State License Board voted to require workers who install solar panels and batteries to be certified electricians to ensure the safe installation of equipment involving power. Utility companies are exempt from the requirement, which takes effect Nov. 1. Joyia Emard, a spokeswoman for the licensing board, declined to comment on the lawsuit. California by far leads the nation in solar installations, driven in part by former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s push for solar panels to be on a million homes — a goal the state reached in December 2019 — and by efforts to replace fossil fuel power plants with large-scale solar farms and other clean energy resources to address the impact of climate change. Solar panels now sit atop roofs, desert sands and agricultural fields from coast to coast, though the power source provides less than 4 percent of electricity production nationwide. In a report this month, the Energy Department said that solar power could help achieve President Biden’s carbon-reduction goals, but that the nation would need as much as 45 percent of its electricity from the sun. In California, rooftop panels make up about 50 percent of the state’s solar market, and the installers are almost three-quarters of the industry’s work force, Ms. Del Chiaro said. Rooftop solar and batteries have become increasingly popular as extreme weather events related to climate change, including wildfires and brutally high temperatures, have led to blackouts and power shut-offs. The rooftop solar industry is also fighting with utility companies in California over the compensation that consumers receive for the electricity their systems provide to the electric grid. Utilities want to add more fees while cutting the credit that consumers receive, known as net metering, by as much as 80 percent from the current dollar-for-dollar benefit. The net metering issue is under review by the California Public Utilities Commission. With the license board rule change, Ms. Del Chiaro said California appeared to be moving in the opposite direction of the state and nation’s climate objectives. “It is entirely unjustified,” she said. — Ivan Penn Read more Two years into a relentless pandemic, the world economy remains awash in logistical difficulties. Factories in Asia are struggling to satisfy demand for their products. Ports are short of shipping containers and healthy hands to unload them. Trucks are idled for lack of drivers, with warehouses overwhelmed by goods. And the continuing disruption to factory production and bottlenecks in shipping are leaving nonprofit groups short of goods for vulnerable communities worldwide, Peter S. Goodman reports for The New York Times. In Haiti, one of the world’s poorest countries, an effort to increase household incomes is confronting a new problem stemming from the upheaval — a shortage of shoes. The Haitian American Caucus, a nonprofit organization, imports donated, used shoes from the United States and sells them at low-cost to women who hawk them on sidewalks and in markets, earning crucial cash for their families. The caucus is distributing almost 100,000 pairs of shoes a month, but it could manage four times as many if only more inventory arrived, said its executive director, Samuel Darguin. “That pair of shoes represents so much more,” he said. “It represents a mother being able to send a kid to school, being able to afford health care and feed her family maybe two meals a day instead of one.” Read more ADVERTISEMENT Continue reading the main story U.S. Bancorp said on Tuesday that it would acquire MUFG Union Bank, a regional bank owned by Japan’s Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group in an $8 billion deal. The acquisition will give U.S. Bancorp a network of branches in California, Washington and Oregon, U.S. Bancorp said in a statement. Google said on Tuesday that it would buy a sprawling Manhattan office building on the Hudson River waterfront for $2.1 billion, expanding the tech giant’s presence in New York and providing a jolt of optimism for a city hammered by the pandemic. The purchase price of the building, the St. John’s Terminal, is one of the largest for a building in the United States in recent years and comes after Google has acquired other large properties in Manhattan, piecing together a sizable East Coast campus for the company. Royal Dutch Shell sold its oil and gas production in the Permian Basin, the biggest American oil field, to ConocoPhillips for $9.5 billion in cash on Monday. The deal marks a turning point for Shell, which had put considerable effort into developing the field since buying acreage from Chesapeake Energy nine years ago, expanding its production to about 200,000 barrels a day. The sale is also the latest sign that Shell, like other European oil companies, is under pressure to sell off oil and gas production and move toward producing cleaner energy in response to growing concerns about climate change among investors and the general public. Activision Blizzard, the video game maker behind Call of Duty and other major franchises, said on Monday that the Securities and Exchange Commission was investigating the company over “disclosures regarding employment matters and related issues.” A press officer for Activision said the S.E.C. had issued subpoenas to the company and several current and former employees, but did not offer more details on the focus of the investigation. The company is cooperating with the inquiry, the official said in an emailed statement. The House is expected on Tuesday to pass legislation that would keep the government funded through early December, lift the limit on federal borrowing through the end of 2022 and provide about $35 billion in emergency money for Afghan refugees and natural disaster recovery, setting up a clash with Republicans who have warned they will oppose the measure. The bill, which Democrats released on Tuesday just hours before a planned vote, is needed to avert a government shutdown when funding lapses next week and avoid a first-ever debt default when the Treasury Department reaches the limit of its borrowing authority within weeks. But it has become ensnared in partisan politics, with Republicans refusing to allow a debt ceiling increase at a time when Democrats control Congress and the White House. In pairing the debt limit raise with the spending package, Democrats hoped to pressure Republicans into dropping their opposition. But few, if any, Republicans are expected to support it. And the prospects for passage in the 50-50 Senate appeared dim amid widespread opposition by Republicans, who have said they will neither vote for the legislation nor allow it to advance in the chamber, where 60 votes are needed to move forward. The legislation would extend government funding through Dec. 3, buying more time for lawmakers to negotiate the dozen annual spending bills, which are otherwise on track to lapse when the new fiscal year begins on Oct. 1. The package would also provide $6.3 billion to help Afghan refugees resettle in the United States and $28.6 billion to help communities rebuild from hurricanes, wildfires and other natural disasters. “It is critical that Congress swiftly pass this legislation to support critical education, health, housing and public safety programs and provide emergency help for disaster survivors and Afghan evacuees,” said Representative Rosa DeLauro of Connecticut, the chairwoman of the Appropriations Committee. But the decision by Democratic leaders to attach it to legislation lifting the federal debt limit through Dec. 16, 2022 could ultimately jeopardize a typically routine effort to stave off a government shutdown, heightening the threat of fiscal calamity. Led by Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the minority leader, Republicans have warned for weeks that they had no intention of helping Democrats raise the limit on the Treasury Department’s ability to borrow. While the debt has been incurred with the approval of both parties, Mr. McConnell has repeatedly pointed to Democrats’ efforts to push multi-trillion-dollar legislation into law over Republican opposition. Democrats, who joined with Republicans during the Trump administration to raise the debt ceiling, have argued that the G.O.P. is setting a double standard that threatens to sabotage the economy. Should the government default on its debt for the first time, it would prompt a financial crisis, shaking faith in American credit and cratering the stock market. Republicans have said that they would support the package on its own, without the debt ceiling provision. But with leaders urging their rank-and-file members to vote against the legislation as written, Democrats cannot afford to lose many votes. That narrow margin in part led Democratic leaders to remove a provision that would provide $1 billion to the Israeli government for its Iron Dome air defense system against short-range rockets, according to a person briefed on the decision. A spokesperson for the House Appropriations Committee said that provision would likely be included in the annual bill that funds defense spending, which lawmakers are still haggling over. Progressive Democrats, some of whom have accused Israel of human rights violations against Palestinians or called for suspending American military aid to Jerusalem, had balked at that funding on Tuesday. — Emily Cochrane Read more ADVERTISEMENT Continue reading the main story The Biden administration was preparing to take action on Tuesday to crack down on the growing problem of ransomware attacks, expanding its use of sanctions to cut off the digital payment systems that have allowed such criminal activity to flourish and threaten national security. The sanctions, which the Treasury Department said it was imposing on a virtual currency exchange called Suex in a preview of its new approach, represent the administration’s most pointed response to a scourge that has disrupted America’s fuel and meat supplies this year as foreign hackers locked down corporate computer systems and demanded large sums of money to free them. The illicit financial transactions underpinning ransomware attacks have been taking place with digital money known as cryptocurrencies, which the U.S. government is still determining how to regulate. The Treasury Department said Suex had facilitated transactions involving illicit proceeds from at least eight ransomware incidents. More than 40 percent of the exchange’s transactions have been linked to illicit actors, the department said. “Ransomware and cyberattacks are victimizing businesses large and small across America and are a direct threat to our economy,” Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen said in a statement. The department offered few details about Suex, declining to say where the company was based or what kinds of transactions it facilitated. It did say that while some virtual currency exchanges are exploited by criminals, Suex was facilitating illegal activities for its own gain. The action came three months after President Biden, meeting in Geneva with President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia, demanded that he crack down on ransomware operators suspected of working from Russian territory. Mr. Putin made no promises. Before the meeting, one attack had taken out Colonial Pipeline, which provides much of the East Coast’s gasoline and jet fuel; another had penetrated a major American meat supplier. For a few months, attacks seemed to abate, and a major ransomware operator, DarkSide, appeared to break up. But late this summer, attacks began to rise again. Paul M. Abbate, the F.B.I.’s deputy director, who specializes in cybercrimes, said last week at a conference that “there is no indication that the Russian government has taken action to crack down on ransomware actors that are operating in the permissive environment that they’ve created there.” He said there also had been little action taken against those in Russia facing indictments in the United States. Intelligence officials report the same, and say they believe that some Russian military and intelligence services make use of the ransomware operators to hide actions that may be conducted on behalf of the state, or at least with its acquiescence. An attack against another food supplier was playing out on Monday, even as the Treasury Department was preparing its action. New Cooperative, a grain cooperative in Iowa, said it was part of “critical infrastructure,” and noted that the ransomware group, a relatively new one called BlackMatter, had promised not to attack such groups. But in responses that appeared in screenshots on Twitter, BlackMatter said it did not consider the cooperative to be critical infrastructure. The ransomware group and its victim got into an open dispute over the definition of that category. “We don’t see any critical areas of activity,” the ransomware group responded. BlackMatter demanded just shy of $6 million to decrypt the firm’s files. That figure declined dramatically over time. The Treasury Department said that in 2020, ransomware payments topped $400 million, which was four times as high as the previous year. The economic damage, it said, was far greater. — Alan Rappeport and David E. Sanger Read more Today in the On Tech newsletter, Shira Ovide asks: What would happen if Facebook retreated from many of the countries where its social network and its Instagram and WhatsApp apps have done profound harm, even as they’ve given a voice to the voiceless?

21 Sep
Retailers Offering $15/hour May Soon Have to Offer More

The federal minimum wage has sat at $7.25 per hour since 2009. Experts and advocates say that’s no longer a livable pay rate.

09 Sep
‘It’s Almost Comical:’ Starbucks Is Blatantly Trying to Crush Its Union

Starbucks executives have swarmed Buffalo, New York stores, pulling aside workers to chat one-on-one during their breaks, at peak hours, and at night.

Read the full article at: www.vice.com

09 Sep
TRADE UNION 4.0 shapes INDUSTRY 4.0

In industry, existing bargaining arenas are being used to help shape structural change.

09 Sep
NLRB Is Reviewing a Rule Change That Has Helped Bosses Bust Unions for Decades

Under the Joy Silk doctrine, the NLRB may be able to effectively force bosses into recognition of a union.

Read the full article at: truthout.org

08 Sep
‘Not dealing with rookies’: Companies brace for Biden’s new labor cops

Some say the NLRB’s forthcoming rulings could even serve as a backdoor for enacting provisions included in Democrats’ Protecting the Right to Organize Act.

07 Sep
Labor unions are showing signs of life on Labor Day

The movement isn’t quite resurgent, but it’s doing better after decades of decline.

Read the full article at: www.axios.com

04 Sep
Step back tool down of the workers in the note press; Further decision management will be taken in consultation with the workers || Times Of Nashik

The conflict that had arisen between the management and the trade unions in Nashik’s Currency Note Press has now subsided and it has been decided that the management will continue to work with the workers in confidence.

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